My thanks to Kamloops-based planner Adam Fitch. He invited me to join him on a May 4 “Jane’s Walk” to consider a cheaper alternative to the Broadway Extension rapid transit project.
Fitch’s proposal would take advantage of a corridor owned by the City of Vancouver, and would avoid most of the tunneling costs associated with the Broadway scheme. It’s an entertaining concept, but it won’t get built, largely because it won’t take people where they want to go.
TransLink’s Broadway Extension, previously referred to on this site as the Arbutus Line, is an approved project that will extend the Millennium SkyTrain line from Clark Drive to Arbutus Street in Vancouver. Scheduled to begin construction in something like 2021, most of it would be underground.
Federal and provincial governments have promised to fund the Broadway Extension, but costs are rising. TransLink announced on April 30 that rising property values, among other issues, have driven the estimated cost to $2.83 billion, up from the $2.28 billion estimate provided in 2015.
Adam Fitch proposes a less expensive above-ground light rail system (with short tunnel segments) to reach the University of British Columbia, using trains similar to those that are now in service in Ottawa. He says his cheaper option hasn’t been seriously considered for Vancouver because it wouldn’t deliver the same high-rise development profits as SkyTrain (see Metrotown, Brentwood, Surrey Central, etc.), and because SkyTrain has a big-city glamour that voters like.
The Fitch light rail route would run west along the abandoned False Creek streetcar right-of-way, owned by the City of Vancouver, and then west and south along the former Canadian Pacific rail corridor, purchased by the City in 2016 after years of litigation. It would turn west on 16th Avenue and proceed to UBC.
Fitch says the construction could be completed for one-quarter of the cost and in one-quarter of the time of the Broadway Extension. He says the total travel time for his trains to run from False Creek to Arbutus would be just two minutes longer than the comparable ride on SkyTrain. The surface trains stop more often, but SkyTrain passengers would need to ride an escalator up from the depths to reach their station, while LRT passengers are already at grade.
Tax consultant Robert Smarz and I joined Fitch and six other tourists to walk the section of Fitch’s line from Granville Island to Broadway and Arbutus. We noticed that like a lot of big thinkers, Fitch falls short in the organizational department. In five years of campaigning he hasn’t managed any online posts to promote his proposal. The rolled-up cloth map shown at the top of this page was the only illustration available for Voony’s Blog when that site commented on the Fitch proposal in 2013, and it is the only easily accessible resource today.
Blogmeister Voony’s immediate reaction in 2013 was the same as mine in 2018: “Adam’s proposal apparently assumes that the main demand is on UBC. It is worth to mention that the numbers ran by Translink suggests that the highest demand is on the central Broadway portion.”
Fitch led a series of Jane’s walks in 2014 to boost his idea, and blogger Steven Rees invited readers to comment. “Rico” seized on the same point as Voony had a year earlier.
“I suspect the route would be cheaper to build but with central Broadway being 2/3s of projected ridership it seems pretty obvious to me that a route that does not serve central Broadway will have a higher cost per rider, or new rider, than even a fully tunnelled Skytrain, with way less benifits. Build it right, build it where the demand is.”
“MB”, whose comments on the Broadway Extension were featured on this site in 2015, scoffed at the Fitch proposal because it wouldn’t serve riders and because it ignores cost issues related to utility relocation.
“But oh yes, this tram line would still be a “bargain” compared to a subway on Broadway. Well, that’s not a comment that can be applied to Adam Fitch’s route because it avoids the transit demand of Broadway altogether, which just happens to exceed the demand for UBC.
I don’t know why tram aficionados are incapable of conducting research to back their ideas. A cursory Internet search would have turned up examples from all over the world where surface rail transit costs escalated with the relocation of underground utilities. Edinburgh council had to absorb a 200 million pounds sterling cost overrun and years of delays for this very reason.”
I like the Fitch proposal, in a sentimental way. I would like to think that at-grade transit is better than SkyTrain when it comes to supporting neighbourhoods, although the evidence is mixed. (Calgary has a 40-year old LRT system, with limited land use benefits; Metro Vancouver has enjoyed a few SkyTrain oriented successes, notably Joyce-Collingwood and Coquitlam Central-Lafarge Lake.) The Fitch line would offer a pleasant ride across the west side of Vancouver.
But it would not do what the new SkyTrain extension promises to do, which is to deliver SkyTrain passengers to the Canada Line near City Hall, and bring commuters by the thousands to Broadway corridor employment centres like the Vancouver General Hospital. Fitch says those commuters could hike the 600 metres up the hill from False Creek. I think not.
The City of Vancouver, by the way, has not written off the idea of light rail or a streetcar along the Arbutus Corridor. The future line would ignore UBC and continue far to the south, to Marpole. City planners provided drawings as the basis for a citizen “design jam” in 2017. The status of this set of drawings is not clear (to me), and neither is the proposed date for construction.
I would fight against this proposal tooth and nail….right now…not because I would not like to see it but because central Broadway is the much bigger pressing issue (as are several others). Eventually I would like to see LRT on the Arbutus corridor. The Arbutus corridor will eventually be a great transit corridor, there are just so many more pressing routes we need to address first. I am very happy they are planning for LRT on the corridor and leaving the option open for the future. I am also very happy it appears the Millenium line is going to be extended at least as far as Arbutus, this is the best choice by far. I am less concerned about Arbutus to UBC at this point but lets get shovels in the ground to Arbutus as soon as we can.
You mention only ‘a few’ skytrain related success stories, but the only limit is the zoning, not the train.
Development is exploding at Burquitlam, because it is permitted. I can only imagine how fast developers would pile in at Nanaimo or 29th avenue if they were given half a chance.
I support densification in principle, but it’s my opinion that a lot of the SkyTrain related development is oversized — I wrote about this most recently in my post on Brentwood. Joyce-Collingwood and Coquitlam Central-Lafarge provide a more livable mixture of high density, medium density and green space, and so are more successful in my view. Metrotown is perhaps the flagship for Skytrain related development, and Burnaby City Council, recently adopted a plan to overhaul that district, basically admitting that the street environment and appearance of the main mall and surrounding streets are not working.
Thank you for your comments and analysis, Ian. If you would like to see more detail on my proposal, visit smartforvancouver.com
As to Rico’s and MB’s comments, they are not seeing the entire picture, and are jumping to conclusions. The reason that West Broadway is so congested is because transit riders are basically forced on to Broadway from both the Millennium line and the Expo line.
My concept would deliver riders from both the Millennium line and the Expo line directly onto an LRT, and from the Canada Line as well. With so many commuters now riding the LRT to UBC, congestion on Broadway would diminish considerably. Translink could also afford to run a better bus service on Broadway.
Hi Adam – Sorry for the slow reply. I have been leaving this site untouched since moving to Nanaimo in 2019, and wondering what to do with it. Hope you are well.